Auto User Guide

ANCEL AJ400 M Injector Tester For Motorcycles and Cars User Guide

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ANCEL AJ400 M Injector Tester For Motorcycles and Cars

Specialist equipment for testing and troubleshooting gasoline injectors in vehicles and motorcycles is the ANCEL AJ400 M Injector Tester. This cutting-edge tool provides mechanics and fans with a complete way to evaluate the effectiveness and performance of fuel injectors, a vital part of the engine’s fuel system. By mimicking the circumstances in which an injector functions inside an engine, the AJ400 M enables users to watch spray patterns, gauge responsiveness, and spot leaks or obstructions. This degree of study is crucial for identifying fuel delivery-related problems, such as inefficient engines, higher emissions, or poor engine performance. The gadget ensures versatility across a wide range of vehicle models with its user-friendly interfaces and many settings that handle different types and sizes of injectors. Its small size also makes it practical to utilize in field and workshop environments. An indispensable instrument for car maintenance, the ANCEL AJ400 M Injector Tester offers a precise and dependable way to preserve engine performance and fuel efficiency.

Introduction to Injector Cleaner & Tester

Welcome to use the Injector Cleaner and tester equipment. It is a mechatronic product that combines ultrasonic cleaning technology with microprocessor fuel pressure control cleaning and testing technology.

Functions and Features

Main functions

  • Ultrasonic cleaning:
    To clean injectors to remove the carbon deposition on them completely.
  • Resistance test
    To test the resistance of fuel injector
  • Uniformity / Sprayability test:
    To test the uniformity of injecting amount of each injector, and to monitor the spraying status of each injector with the help of backlight.
  • Leakage test:
    To test the sealing and dribbling conditions of injectors under system pressure.
  • Injecting flow test:
    To check the injecting amount of the injector in 15 seconds of constant injection.
  • Working modes test:
    To test injectors under different working conditions.
  • On-Vehicle Cleaning:
    Coming with a variety of disassembly-free cleaning connectors, the device can be used to perform on-vehicle cleaning and maintenance for various vehicle models.
  • Low resistance injectors test function
    Through the dedicated motherboard, it supports the full and long test of low-resistant fuel injectors such as 1 ohm.
  • Multi items Setting:
    Set different parameters of the device, including the buzzer sound level, display brightness, and backlight brightness.
  • Version information:
    to check the software version information of the current device.

Main Features

  • The special structure design makes the disassembly and assembly of the fuel separator easier and greatly improves work efficiency.
  • With the resistance test of the injectors one by one, get to know the condition of the injectors
  • The ultrasonic cleaner is integrated on the machine, which makes the operation easier and more efficient.
  • With the dedicated motherboard, it can support the full and long test of low-resistant fuel injectors such as 1 ohm.
  • The unique fuel circuit depressurization technology can make the machine automatically depressurize in the case of a sudden shutdown, avoiding equipment damage or personal injury.
  • The brightness of the screen and backlight and the level of the buzzer can be manually set and saved.
  • The product adopts fuel pressure adjustment and control technology by microcomputer, which can ensure stable fuel pressure and wide adjustable range. It is applicable to vehicles equipped with a variety of gasoline injection systems. Meanwhile, the automation of injectors’ cleaning and testing processes can be realized.
  • Thanks to the adoption of microcomputer automatic control and digital display technologies, the cleaning and testing processes can be controlled automatically, and the parameters of the main status can be monitored in real-time.
  • Adopting a humanization design can make the system pressure fast restored to the default values.

Working conditions:

  • Temperature: -10~+40℃ Relative humidity: <85%
  • Intensity of outer magnetic field: <400A/m
  • No naked flame within 2m.

Specifications

  • Main unit power supply: AC220V±10% 50Hz/60Hz or AC110V±10% 60Hz
  • Input power: 230
  • Ultrasonic cleaner power: 100W
  • Resistance test accuracy: 0.1Ω
  • Simulated RPM range:100~9900rpm, step:10rpm
  • Time range: 5~300s, step:5s
  • Pulse width: 0.1~25ms,step: 0.1ms
  • Fuel tank capacity: 2000 ml
  • Work pressure: 0-7bar

Structure of Injector Cleaner & Tester

Overview

  1. Pulse line;
  2. Fuel separator assembly;
  3. Observation window tube;
  4. Control panel;
  5. Fuel pressure gauge;
  6. Fuel outlet pipe;
  7. Ultrasonic cleaner ;
  8. Ultrasonic cleaner switch;
  9. Liquid level indicator tube (test liquid drain tube) ;
  10. Cleaning liquid drain port;
  11. Test liquid addition port;
  12. Fuel tank;
  13. Power switchANCEL-AJ400-M-Injector-Tester-For-Motorcycles-and-Cars-User-Guide-fig-1
  • Attention: there may be slight difference between the illustrations in this manual and the actual product. Subject to actual product.

Control PanelANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-1

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-2

Installation
Installation of top-supply injector(EFI/MPI/SFI)

  1. Choose the adapters according to the fuel top-supply injector from the coupler box and mount a proper O-ring on it. Remember to apply a little lubricating fuel on the O-ring.
  2. The adapters for fuel top-supply injector are 4 types:
    Thread sealing type: here are with coarse thread and fine thread. O-ring sealing type: here are with big hole and small hole.
  3. If the injectors cannot be fixed because of the hole being bigger than the injector, need to sue the auxiliary support.
  4. Need to adjust the relative position between the Knurled nut and adjustable screw so that the injectors can be fixed well on the unit.

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-3

Installation of side-supply injectors

  1. Choose proper couplers for side-supply injectors and proper O-rings, and mount them together.
  2. Before fixing, best to apply a little lubricating fuel on the O-ring.
  3. If some cylinder is not used, need to install the plug.

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-4

Operating Procedures

Preparation

  1. Remove the injector from the motorcycle engine to check the o-rings inside for damage. If it is be damaged need to replace it. Put the outside of injector in gasoline or detergent, and wipe them with soft cloth after cleaning the outside fuel sludge carefully.
  2. Check the test liquid level to be sure there are enough test liquid inside tank. Pouring test liquid from the port at the top left side of the unit and watch the liquid level in the fuel level viewer. In most cases, filled the liquid up to 1/2 of the tank capacity.
  3. Turn on the power switch on the right of the Cabinet.
  4. Pour ultrasonic detergent into the ultrasonic cleaning basin so that the needle valve of the injector is covered by the detergent.
  5. Connect the injectors with the right couplers.
  • The main unit of the device uses test solution for uniformity / sprayability test, leakage test, injecting flow test and auto. test. The ultrasonic cleaner uses the cleaning agent. Test solution and cleaning agent are not included in the standard configuration and can be purchased separately.

Cleaning & testing sequences
Recommended to carry out the complete cleaning and testing procedures as the following order.

  • Ultrasonic cleaning;
  • Uniformity / Sprayability test;
  • Leakage test;
  • Injecting flow test;
  • Working modes test.

Procedure after work operation

  1. Drain test solution to a fuel container.
  2. Switch off the power switch and unplug the power plug.
  3. Use a fuel header to suck all cleaning agent in the ultrasonic cleaning pool, and wipe the pool with a soft dry cloth.
  4. Wipe the table top of the machine with a soft dry cloth.
  5. To avoid volatilization, all the test solution in the fuel tank should be discharged. If it can be used again, store it in a safe place. If it is dirty and cannot be used any more, dispose it according to relevant regulations.

Operation

Resistance Test

  1. Connect one end of the resistance measurement line to the interface on the right side of the device, and the other end to the two electrodes of the fuel injector.
  2. Start the machine, and press theANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-5 key. The resistance value will be displayed on the screen.
  3. If needed, measure several times to confirm the measured value.
  4. After the measurement is completed, remove the fuel injector and the resistance measurement line.

Ultrasonic Cleaning
Injector Cleaner takes advantage of the penetrability and cavitation impact wave caused by ultrasonic wave traveling through the medium to provide powerful cleaning on objects with complex shapes, cavities and pores, so that the stubborn carbon deposits can be removed from the injectors.

Procedures

  1. Place the injector/pump which has gone through surface cleaning in the launder.
  2. Add enough injector detergent into ultrasonic cleaner so that the liquid level is about 20mm above the needle valve of injectors / whole pump.
  3. Plug the pulse signal wire to injector / pump respectively.
  4. Select ultrasonic cleaning function and then set the time.
  5. Press RUN key to start the procedure.
  6. Turn on the ultrasonic cleaning switch on the left side of the machine.
  7. When the time is up, it will stop automatically as the beeper rings.
  8. Turn off the ultrasonic cleaning switch on the left side of the machine after cleaning procedure.
  9. Take the injector / pump out of the launder and wipe them with a dry soft cloth. Get ready for next operation.

Note:

  1. It is strictly forbidden to open the ultrasonic system under the circumstances that cleaning agent has not been added into the ultrasonic cleaning pool. Otherwise, the ultrasonic equipment may be damaged easily.
  2. It is strictly prohibited to immerse the pulse signal line connector along with the injector into the ultrasonic pool for cleaning. Otherwise, the pulse signal line connector can be damaged easily.

ATTENTION: Make sure to turn off the ultrasonic cleaning switch on the left side of the machine after cleaning procedure.

Uniformity/Sprayability Test
Uniformity test is to find out the difference of the injectors injecting at the same working condition. This test can indicate the comprehensive influences on the injector caused by electrical nature, bore variation and clogging. Spray ability test is to inspect the spraying performance by observing the injectors.

Installing and testing procedures for injectors

  1. Choose a proper adaptor according to the injector type and mount it to the fuel separator.
  2. Install the injectors in forward direction (Apply a little lubricating grease on the O-ring.)
  3. Install the fuel separator with injector onto the plate of the test tube.
  4. Connect the injector pulse signal wire.
  5. Before doing this test, use manual switch to drain the test liquid from the measuring cup if there is any.
  6. Select Uniformity/Sprayability test function, set corresponding parameters (consult the appendix for pressure setting, consult vehicle manuals for other parameters as needed), and then press RUN key to start the test.
  7. When the test is completed, the equipment will auto stop with the ring of the buzzer.

Note:

  1. The system pressure can be adjusted by pressing + or – at testing.
  2. During operating, the user can select parameter, such as RPM or PW, and then press ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-6 key to achieve the status of the simulation.
  3. Good injectors may have identical injecting angle, uniform spraying but no jet. Otherwise, replace the injector.
  4. In the sprayability test, a special electrical parameter–the minimum injection pulse width of injector–can be tested, to compare the injectors on the same engine. That is to set cylinder No., start the test from minimum injection pulse width, and then gradually increases the pulse width till the injector starts injection (observed with the help of backlight). The value set at this moment is the minimum injection pulse width, so the difference of minimum injection pulse width among these injectors could be observed.

Backflushing
Backflushing is limited to the top-supply injector by connecting the backflushing connector under uniformity / sprayability test. Test solution enters from the outlet of the injector and flows out from the inlet during backflushing. Backflushing can wash away the dirt inside the injector and dirt attached to the filter.

  1. Find the backflushing connector (and select a supporting “O” ring to install it on the connector) installed below the fuel separator;
  2. Install the top-supply injector in reverse direction (outlet up, inlet down);
  3. Select the corresponding coupling element under the injector according to the shape of injector;
  4. Adjust the screws to fix the fuel separator and injector assembly in the fuel filler hole of the upper cover according to the height of injector and tighten the compression screws (black) on both sides evenly;
  5. It is recommended to use manual switch to drain the remaining fuel in the transparent tube to avoid overflow of test solution before backflushing.
  6. Connect the pulse signal line of the injector properly; set the operating parameters and press Run button to execute backflushing function; the system pressure can be adjusted by + and – buttons on the control panel during backflushing.
  7. The system will stop automatically after completion of the cleaning.

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-7

Leakage Test
Leakage test is to inspect the sealing conditions of the injector needle valve under system pressure and to find out if the injector is dribbling

Procedures
Installation refer to Uniformity/ Sprayability Test.

  1. Before doing leakage test, please use the manual switch to drain the rudimental residual test liquid from the measuring cup.
  2. Select Leakage Test function and press Run key to start. At this time the system pressure can be adjusted by pressing + and
    • key to observe dribbling from the injector the pressure is adjusted preferably 10% higher than manufacturer’s specifications.
  3. When the test is over, the equipment will automatically stop and the buzzer will ring simultaneously.

Note:
In general the drip of the injector should be less than 1 drop within 1 minute (or in accordance with the specifications). The default time of the system is 1 minute.

Injecting Flow Test
Injecting flow test is to check if the injecting flow in 15 seconds meets the specifications for injecting amount. The deviation reflects the wear or clogging in the injector, instead of electrical parameter variation.

Procedures:
Installation refer to Uniformity/ Sprayability Test.

  1. Before this test, use manual switch to drain the test liquid from the measuring cup if there is any.
  2. Choose Injecting Flow Test function and press Run key to start the test. Adjust the fuel pressure by pressing + or – key according to the injector specification.
  3. When the test is over, the equipment will stop automatically at the ring of the buzzer.

Working modes test
Working modes test contains three working status simulation tests(Acceleration, Deceleration, Acceleration+ Deceleration test)). This function can test more comprehensive performance of injectors by simulating the various engine working conditions.

Procedures:
Installation refer to Uniformity/ Sprayability Test.

  1. Before the test, use manual switch to drain all the test liquid in the measuring cups if there is any.
  2. Select Modes function and choose mode no. , then press Run key to start the test.
  3. Adjust the fuel pressure by pressing + or – keys.
  4. When the test is over, the equipment will auto stop at the ring of the buzzer.

On-Vehicle Cleaning
After the motorcycle engine has been in operation for a period of time, its fuel flow may be blocked or become unsmooth owing to buildup of dust and impurities in fuel channel. In addition, the carbon deposits and gum made by combustion can easily adhere to the injectors, inlet and outlet ports, inlet and outlet hoses, throttle and combustion chamber. So the fuel supply system, combustion chamber and injector of the engine must be cleaned on a timely basis. Combustion Chamber cleaning is a solution that can save your time and labor.

Procedures:

  1. Please check if there is test liquid or detergent inside the fuel tank before on-vehicle cleaning. If test liquid is in the tank, replace it with detergent.
  2. Blend the detergent with the fuel at a certain ratio, and fill the mixture into the fuel tank.
  3. The connection of engine fuel pipes has been shown in “Connecting” below.
  4. Select On-Vehicle Cleaning function, and set the cleaning time.
  5. Press Run key to start the function, adjust the fuel pressure by pressing + or – keys.
  6. Start the engine to begin cleaning.

Connecting
There are two cases for the line connection: one is the connection with fuel-return hose and the other is the connection without the fuel-return hose.

Connection with fuel-return hose:

  1. Disconnect the fuel supply hoses (C, D) and fuel return hoses (A, B) of the engine fuel system (when disconnecting the fuel line connectors, cover them with towels). Choose proper connectors and connect them to the B end and C end separately, and then connect the other ends to corresponding return hose and outlet hose of the device.
  2. Connect the two other disconnected ends (A, D) with a proper hose, or remove the fuel pump fuse, or disconnect the power cable of engine fuel pump.

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-8

  1. Injector Cleaner & Tester;
  2. Engine;
  3. Fuel-return hose from engine;
  4. Fuel-inlet hose to engine;
  5. Auto filter;
  6. Engine fuel supply hose;
  7. Engine fuel return hose;
  8. Fuel pump;
  9. Fuel tank

Connection without fuel-return hose:

  1. Disconnect the fuel supply hoses (E, F) of the engine fuel system (when disconnecting the fuel line connectors, cover them with towels), and then choose a suitable connector, connect it to the E end and reconnect the fuel outlet hose of the device. Hang the fuel return hose.
  2. Block the other end of the disconnected end (F) with a stopper (for fuel pump with fuel return function only) or remove the fuse of fuel pump or disconnect the power cable of engine fuel pump.

ANCEL-AJ400-Control-Panel-9

  1. Injector Cleaner & Tester;
  2. Engine;
  3. Stopper;
  4. Fuel-inlet hose to engine;
  5. Fuel tank;
  6. Fuel filter;
  7. Engine fuel supply hose;
  8. Fuel pump

Tidy up after cleaning

  1. After the on-vehicle cleaning is completed, turn off the ignition switch of the vehicle. Restitute the hose connection, start the engine and accelerate properly to check if there is any fuel leakage at the connectors or in the hoses.
  2. Please clean the fuel tank and the lines of the device with test solution at the end of the on-vehicle cleaning, the specific procedures are: drain the detergent left in the fuel tank first and dispose it according to its cleanliness. Add a small amount of test solution into the fuel tank, connect the fuel outlet hose of the device to the fuel return port and power on the device. Select “Leakage test” item and press RUN button to run the device for about 2~3 minutes. After the running has stopped, drain the test solution from fuel tank and dispose the drained liquid according to relevant regulations.
  3. Clean up the site and tidy up the washing machine for later use.

Note:
When cleaning, care must be taken as the detergent is inflammable. Prepare at least one effective fire extinguisher. Be sure that all lines are well connected and there is no leakage before performing cleaning.

Transporting and Storing

Transporting

  1. Before being packed, the liquid inside the fuel tank should be drained completely to avoid overflowing as transporting.
  2. Move only by hand or lift with soft belt.
  3. No package no lifting tools or long-distance transportation.
  4. To prevent the unit from shocking and knocking, make sure it is on the base seat and in the packing case during transportation. Firstly pack the unit with the matter similar with plastic strip and add the filling material (such as foam or sponge, etc.) between the unit and packing case to avoid scratching the surface when the unit shakes.
  5. Make sure that the maximum incline angel does not exceed 45℃. Do not place the unit up-side-down.

Storing

  1. Store only in dry area and keep away from water before the unit is unpacked.
  2. Store the machine in well-ventilated area and do not expose it to direct sun shine or rain.

Installation Environment

  1. Keep a distance of no less than 200mm between the unit and any wall or other substance. The unit should be put in well-ventilated area. Make sure the temperature is within -10 +40℃.
  2. The unit has been well grounded for safety operation. Please confirm that the power socket is also well grounded.

FAQs of ANCEL AJ400

What is the ANCEL AJ400 M?

It’s a dual-function device designed for cleaning and testing fuel injectors in motorcycles and cars.

How does the AJ400 M test injectors?

It simulates various operating conditions to assess injector spray patterns, leakage, and responsiveness.

Can the AJ400 M clean injectors?

Yes, it uses ultrasonic cleaning technology to remove deposits and buildup from injectors.

Is the AJ400 M compatible with all types of vehicles?

It’s versatile and suitable for a wide range of motorcycles and car models.

Do I need special skills to use the AJ400 M?

Basic mechanical knowledge is sufficient, as it’s designed to be user-friendly.

How does injector cleaning help my vehicle?

Clean injectors ensure optimal engine performance, fuel efficiency, and reduced emissions.

How is the AJ400 M powered?

It typically uses an external power source, like a vehicle battery or a power adapter.

Is the AJ400 M portable?

Yes, its compact design makes it suitable for both workshop and at-home use.

How does the AJ400 M display test results?

Results are displayed via its interface, showing various performance metrics of the injectors.

Can the AJ400 M test multiple injectors at once?

It’s primarily designed for testing one injector at a time to ensure accuracy.

What warranty comes with the AJ400 M?

Warranty terms vary, so check with the manufacturer or retailer.

How accurate is the AJ400 M?

It is known for its precision in both testing and cleaning injectors.

Does the AJ400 M require calibration?

Regular calibration may be necessary for optimal performance. Consult the manual for instructions.

Can the AJ400 M indicate when an injector is beyond repair?

Yes, its diagnostic capabilities can identify injectors that are too damaged for cleaning.

Is there technical support available for the AJ400 M?

Yes, most manufacturers offer support for their diagnostic tools, including the AJ400 M.