Auto User Guide

2024 GMC Canyon Engine Oil and Fluids Guide

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2024 GMC Canyon Engine Oil and Fluids User Manual

The 2024 GMC Canyon is a tough but polished powerhouse that is built to handle any terrain with ease. Its bold appearance hides a carefully designed engine that gives you the best performance every time you drive it. 

2023 – 2024 GMC CANYON Review, Price, Features and Mileage (Brochure)

2024 GMC Engine Compartment Overview

2024 GMC Canyon Engine Compartment Overview 01

2.7L L4 (L3B) Engine

  1. Remote Negative (–) Grounding Point. See Jump Starting – North America
  2. Windshield Washer Fluid Reservoir. See Washer Fluid
  3. Battery. See Battery – North America
  4. Engine Compartment Fuse Block. See Engine Compartment Fuse Block
  5. Engine Cooling Fan (Out of View). See Cooling System
  6. Engine Oil Fill Cap. See Engine Oil
  7. Engine Oil Dipstick. See Engine Oil
  8. Brake Fluid Reservoir. See Brake Fluid
  9. Engine Air Cleaner/Filter. See Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
  10. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap. See Cooling System

Engine Oil
To ensure proper engine performance and long life, careful attention must be paid to engine oil. Following these simple, but important steps will help protect your investment:

  • Use engine oil approved to the proper specification and of the proper viscosity grade. See “Selecting the Right Engine Oil” in this section.
  • Check the engine oil level regularly and maintain the proper oil level. See “Checking Engine Oil” and “When to Add Engine Oil” in this section.
  • Change the engine oil at the appropriate time. See Engine Oil Life System
  • Always dispose of engine oil properly. See “What to Do with Used Oil” in this section.

Checking Engine Oil
Check the engine oil level regularly, every 650 km (400 mi), especially before a long trip. The engine oil dipstick handle is a loop. See Engine Compartment Overview for the location.

Warning
The engine oil dipstick handle may be hot; it could burn you. Use a towel or glove to touch the dipstick handle.

If a low oil Driver Information Center (DIC) message displays, check the oil level.

Follow these guidelines:

  • To get an accurate reading, park the vehicle on level ground. Check the engine oil level after the engine has been off for at least two hours. Checking the engine oil level on steep grades or too soon after engine shutoff can result in incorrect readings. Accuracy improves when checking a cold engine before starting. Remove the dipstick and check the level.
  • If unable to wait two hours, the engine must be off for at least 15 minutes if the engine is warm, or at least 30 minutes if the engine is not warm. Pull out the dipstick, wipe it with a clean paper towel or cloth, and then push it back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip down, and check the level.

When to Add Engine Oil

2024 GMC Canyon Engine When to Add Engine Oil 02

If the oil is below the cross-hatched area at the tip of the dipstick and the engine has been off for at least 15 minutes, add 1 L (1 qt) of the recommended oil and then recheck the level. See “Selecting the Right
Engine Oil” later in this section for an explanation of what kind of oil to use. For engine oil crankcase capacity, see Capacities and Specifications.

Caution
Do not add too much oil. Oil levels above or below the acceptable operating range shown on the dipstick are harmful to the engine. If the oil level is above the operating range (i.e., the engine has so much oil that the oil level gets above the cross-hatched area that shows the proper operating range), the engine could be damaged. Drain the excess oil or limit driving of the vehicle, and seek a service professional to remove the excess oil. See Engine Compartment Overview for the location of the engine oil fill cap. Add enough oil to put the level somewhere in the proper operating range. Push the dipstick back in when through.

Selecting the Right Engine Oil
Selecting the right engine oil depends on both the proper oil specification and viscosity grade. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants.

Specification
Use full synthetic engine oils that meet the dexos1 specification. Engine oils that have been approved by GM as meeting the dexos1 specification are marked with the dexos1-approved logo.

2024 GMC Canyon Specification 03

Caution
Failure to use the recommended engine oil or equivalent can result in engine damage not covered by the vehicle warranty.

Viscosity Grade
Use SAE 5W-30 viscosity grade engine oil. Cold Temperature Operation: In an area of extreme cold, where the temperature falls below −29 °C (−20 °F), an SAE 0W-30 oil may be used. An oil of this viscosity grade will provide easier cold starting for the engine at extremely low temperatures.

When selecting an oil of the appropriate viscosity grade, it is recommended to select an oil of the correct specification. See “Specification” earlier in this section.

Engine Oil Additives/Engine Oil Flushes
Do not add anything to the oil. The recommended oils meeting the dexos1 specification is all that is needed for good performance and engine protection.

Engine oil system flushes are not recommended and could cause engine damage not covered by the vehicle warranty.

What to Do with Used Oil
Used engine oil contains certain elements that can be unhealthy for your skin and could even cause cancer. Do not let used oil stay on your skin for very long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good hand cleaner. Wash or properly dispose of clothing or rags containing used engine oil. See the manufacturer’s warnings about the use and disposal of oil products.

Used oil can be a threat to the environment. If you change your oil, be sure to drain all the oil from the filter before disposal. Never dispose of oil by putting it in the trash or pouring it on the ground, into sewers, or streams or bodies of water. Recycle it by taking it to a place that collects used oil.

Engine Oil Life System Owner’s Manual

When to Change Engine Oil
This vehicle has a computer system that indicates when to change the engine oil and filter. This is based on a combination of factors which include engine revolutions, engine temperature and miles driven. Based on driving conditions, the mileage at which an oil change is indicated can vary considerably. For the oil life system to work properly, the system must be reset every time the oil is changed.

On some vehicles, when the system has calculated that oil life has been diminished, a CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes on to indicate that an oil change is necessary. Change the oil as soon as possible within the next 1,000 km (600 mi). It is possible that, if driving under the best conditions, the oil life system might indicate that an oil change is not necessary for up to a year. The engine oil and filter must be changed at least once a year and, at this time, the system must be reset. For vehicles without the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message, an oil change is needed when THE OIL LIFE REMAINING percentage is near 0%. Your dealer has trained service people who will perform this work and reset the system. It is also important to check the oil regularly throughout an oil drain interval and keep it at the proper level.

If the system is ever reset accidentally, the oil must be changed at 5,000 km (3,000 mi) since the last oil change. Remember to reset the oil life system whenever the oil is changed.

How to Reset the Engine Oil Life System
Reset the system whenever the engine oil is changed so that the system can calculate the next engine oil change. Always reset the engine oil life to 100% after every oil change. It will not reset itself. To reset the engine oil life system:

  1. Place the vehicle in P (Park).
  2. From the infotainment home screen, select Vehicle Status > Maintenance > Oil Life > Reset. See Vehicle Status 0 97.
  3. Follow the menu and select Reset on the display screen. Then select Reset to confirm the reset. The percentage will change to 100%.

The system is reset when the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message is off.

If the CHANGE ENGINE OIL SOON message comes back on when the vehicle is started, the engine oil life system has not been reset. Repeat the procedure.

Automatic Transmission Fluid

How to Check Automatic Transmission Fluid
It is not necessary to check the transmission fluid level. A transmission fluid leak is the only reason for fluid loss. If a leak occurs, take the vehicle to your dealer and have it repaired as soon as possible.

There is a special procedure for checking and changing the transmission fluid. Because this procedure is difficult, this should be done at your dealer. Contact your dealer for additional information.

Caution
Use of the incorrect automatic transmission fluid may damage the vehicle, and the damage may not be covered by the vehicle warranty. Always use the correct automatic transmission fluid.

Change the fluid and filter at the intervals listed in the Maintenance Schedule , and be sure to use the fluid listed in Recommended Fluids and Lubricants

Engine Air Filter Life System
If equipped, this feature provides the engine air filter’s remaining life and best timing for a change. The timing to change an engine air filter depends on driving and environmental conditions.

When to Change the Engine Air Filter
When the Driver Information Center (DIC) displays the message REPLACE AT NEXT OIL CHANGE, the engine air filter should be replaced at the time of the next oil change.

When the DIC displays the REPLACE NOW message, replace the engine air filter at your earliest convenience.

If the DIC displays a message to check the engine air filter system, see your dealer.

How to Reset the Engine Air Filter Life System
The system must be reset after the engine air filter is changed. To reset:

  1. Place the vehicle in P (Park).
  2. From the infotainment home screen, select Vehicle Status > Maintenance > Engine Air Filter. See Vehicle Status 0 97.
  3. Follow the screen prompts and touch RESET on the display screen. Then touch RESET again to confirm. The percentage of filter life remaining will change to 100%.

Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
The engine air cleaner/filter is in the engine compartment on the driver’s side of the vehicle.

When to Inspect/Replace the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
For intervals on changing and inspecting the engine air cleaner/filter, see Maintenance Schedule.

How to Inspect/Replace the Engine Air Cleaner/Filter
Do not start the engine or have the engine running with the engine air cleaner/filter housing open. Before removing the engine air cleaner/filter, make sure that the engine air cleaner/filter housing and nearby components are free of dirt and debris. Do not clean the engine air cleaner/filter or components with water or compressed air.

To inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/ filter:2024 GMC Canyon Engine Air Cleaner and Filter 04

  1. Loosen the three screws on top of the engine air cleaner/filter housing.
  2. Lift and slide the filter cover housing away from the engine air cleaner/filter housing in the hinge.
  3. Pull out the filter.
    Warning
    If part replacement is necessary, the part must be replaced with one of the same part number or with an equivalent part. Use of a replacement part without the same fit, form, and function may result in personal injury or damage to the vehicle.
  4. Inspect or replace the engine air cleaner/ filter.
  5. Reverse Steps 1-2 to reinstall the filter cover housing.

If equipped, reset the engine air filter life system after replacing the engine air filter. See Engine Air Filter Life System

Warning
Operating the engine with the air cleaner/filter off can cause you or others to be burned. Use caution when working on the engine. Do not start the engine or drive the vehicle with the air cleaner/ filter off, as flames may be present if the engine backfires.

Caution
If the air cleaner/filter is off, dirt can easily get into the engine, which could damage it. Always have the air cleaner/ filter in place when driving.

Cooling System
The cooling system allows the engine to maintain the correct working temperature.

2024 GMC Canyon Engine Air Cleaner and Filter 05

  1. Engine Cooling Fan (Out of View)
  2. Coolant Surge Tank and Pressure Cap

Warning
An underhood electric fan can start up even when the engine is not running and can cause injury. Keep hands, clothing, and tools away from any underhood electric fan.

Warning
Do not touch heater or radiator hoses, or other engine parts. They can be very hot and can burn you. Do not run the engine if there is a leak; all coolant could leak out. That could cause an engine fire and can burn you. Fix any leak before driving the vehicle.

Engine Coolant
The cooling system in the vehicle is filled with DEX-COOL engine coolant mixture. See Recommended Fluids and Lubricants and Maintenance Schedule

The following explains the cooling system and how to check and add coolant when it is low. If there is a problem with engine overheating, see Engine Overheating

What to Use

Warning
Plain water, or other liquids such as alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mixture will. With plain water or the wrong mixture, the engine could get too hot but there would not be an overheat warning. The engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned.

Use a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL coolant. This mixture:

  • Gives freezing protection down to −37 °C (−34 °F) outside temperature.
  • Gives boiling protection up to 129 °C (265 °F) engine temperature.
  • Protects against rust and corrosion.
  • Will not damage aluminum parts.
  • Helps keep the proper engine temperature.

Caution
Do not use anything other than a mix of DEX-COOL coolant that meets GM Standard GMW3420 and clean, drinkable water. Anything else can cause damage to the engine cooling system and the vehicle, which would not be covered by the vehicle warranty.

Never dispose of engine coolant by putting it in the trash, or by pouring it on the ground, or into sewers, streams or, bodies of water. Have the coolant changed by an authorized service center, familiar with legal requirements regarding used coolant disposal. This will help protect the environment and your health.

Checking Coolant
The vehicle must be on a level surface when checking the coolant level.

2024 GMC Canyon Checking Coolant 06

Check to see if coolant is visible in the coolant surge tank. If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank is boiling, do not do anything else until it cools down.

If coolant is visible but the coolant level is not at or above the mark pointed to, add a 50/50 mixture of clean, drinkable water and DEX-COOL coolant.

Be sure the cooling system is cool before this is done.

If no coolant is visible in the coolant surge tank, add coolant as follows:

How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge Tank

Warning
Spilling coolant on hot engine parts can burn you. Coolant contains ethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine parts are hot enough.

Warning
Plain water, or other liquids such as alcohol, can boil before the proper coolant mixture will. With plain water or the wrong mixture, the engine could get too hot but there would not be an overheat warning. The engine could catch fire and you or others could be burned.

Warning
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling system are under pressure. Turning the pressure cap, even a little, can cause them to come out at high speed and you could be burned. Never turn the cap when the cooling system, including the pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and pressure cap to cool.

Caution
Failure to follow the specific coolant fill procedure could cause the engine to overheat and could cause system damage. If coolant is not visible in the surge tank, contact your dealer.

The coolant surge tank pressure cap can be removed when the cooling system, including the surge tank pressure cap and upper radiator hose, is no longer hot.

2024 GMC Canyon How to Add Coolant to the Coolant 07

  1. Turn the pressure cap slowly counterclockwise. If a hiss is heard, wait for that to stop. A hiss means there is still some pressure left.
  2. Keep turning the cap and remove it.2024 GMC Canyon How to Add Coolant to the Coolant 08
  3. Fill the coolant surge tank with the proper mixture to the mark pointed to on the front of the coolant surge tank.
  4. With the coolant surge tank cap off, start the engine and let it run until the upper radiator hose starts getting hot. Watch out for the engine cooling fan. By this time, the coolant level inside the coolant surge tank may be lower. If the level is lower, add more of the proper mixture to the coolant surge tank until the level reaches the mark pointed to on the front of the coolant surge tank.
  5. Replace the cap tightly.
  6. Verify the coolant level after the engine is shut off and the coolant is cold. If necessary, repeat the coolant fill procedure Steps 1–6.

Caution
If the pressure cap is not tightly installed, coolant loss and engine damage may occur. Be sure the cap is properly and tightly secured.

Engine Overheating
The vehicle has an engine coolant temperature gauge on the instrument cluster to warn of engine overheating. See Engine Coolant Temperature Gauge.

Caution
Do not run the engine if there is a leak in the engine cooling system. This can cause a loss of all coolant and can damage the system and vehicle. Have any leaks been fixed right away?

If the decision is made not to lift the hood when this warning appears, get service help right away.

If the decision is made to lift the hood, make sure the vehicle is parked on a level surface.

Then check to see if the engine cooling fan is running. If the engine is overheating, the fan should be running. If it is not, do not continue to run the engine and have the vehicle serviced.

If Steam Is Coming from the Engine Compartment

Warning
Steam and scalding liquids from a hot cooling system are under pressure. Turning the pressure cap, even a little, can cause them to come out at high speed and you could be burned. Never turn the cap when the cooling system, including the pressure cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling system and pressure cap to cool.

If No Steam Is Coming from the Engine Compartment
If an engine overheat warning is displayed but no steam can be seen or heard, the problem may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine can get a little too hot when the vehicle:

  • Climbs a long hill on a hot day.
  • Stops after high-speed driving.
  • Idles for long periods in traffic.

If the overheat warning is displayed with no sign of steam:

  1. Turn the air conditioning off.
  2. Turn the heater on to the highest temperature and to the highest fan speed. Open the windows as necessary.
  3. When it is safe to do so, pull off the road, shift to P (Park) or N (Neutral), and let the engine idle.

If the engine coolant temperature gauge is no longer in the overheat zone, the vehicle can be driven. Continue to drive the vehicle slowly for about 10 minutes. Keep a safe distance from the vehicle in front. If the warning does not come back on, continue to drive normally and have the cooling system checked for proper fill and function.

If the warning continues, pull over, stop, and park the vehicle right away.

If there is no sign of steam, idle the engine for three minutes while parked. If the warning is still displayed, turn off the engine until it cools down.

Engine Fan
If the vehicle has a clutched engine cooling fan, when the clutch is engaged, the fan spins faster to provide more air to cool the engine. In most everyday driving conditions, the fan is spinning slower and the clutch is not fully engaged. This improves fuel economy and reduces fan noise. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing, and/or high outside temperatures, the fan speed increases as the clutch more fully engages, so an increase in fan noise may be heard. This is normal and should not be mistaken as the transmission slipping or making extra shifts. It is merely the cooling system functioning properly. The fan will slow down when additional cooling is not required and the clutch disengages.

This fan noise may also be heard when starting the engine. It will go away as the fan clutch partially disengages.

If the vehicle has an electric cooling fan(s), the fans may be heard spinning at low speeds during most everyday driving. The fans may turn off if no cooling is required. Under heavy vehicle loading, trailer towing, high outside temperatures, or operation of the air conditioning system, the fans may change to high speed and an increase in fan noise may be heard. This is normal and indicates that the cooling system is functioning properly. The fans will change to low speed when additional cooling is no longer required.

The electric engine cooling fans may run after the engine has been turned. off. This is normal and no service is required

GMC Washer Fluid 

What to Use
Use a washer fluid designed for the climate your vehicle operates in. For example, vehicles that operate in climates where temperatures fall below freezing should use a washer fluid that provides sufficient protection against freezing.

Adding Washer Fluid
When washer fluid is low, a message displays on the Driver Information Center (DIC). Always read the manufacturer’s instructions before adding fluid.

2024 GMC Canyon Adding Washer Fluid 09

Open the cap with the washer symbol on it. Add washer fluid until the tank is full. See Engine Compartment Overview for reservoir location.

Caution

  • Do not use washer fluid that contains any type of water-repellent coating. This can cause the wiper blades to chatter or skip.
  • Do not use engine coolant (antifreeze) in the windshield washer. It can damage the windshield washer system and paint.
  • Do not mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water can cause the solution to freeze and damage the washer fluid tank and other parts of the washer system.
  • When using concentrated washer fluid, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adding water.
  • Fill the washer fluid tank only three-quarters full when it is very cold. This allows for fluid expansion if freezing occurs, which could damage the tank if it is full.

FAQs

How often should I change the oil in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

Change the oil in your 2024 GMC Canyon based on the maintenance plan. This is usually every 5,000 to 7,500 miles when you drive normally.

Can I use conventional oil in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

 You can use regular oil, but for the best speed and engine protection, you should use synthetic oil.

What type of coolant should I use in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

The 2024 GMC Canyon needs a certain kind of coolant, which is usually five parts antifreeze to one part pure water.

How often should I check the transmission fluid in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

You should check the transmission fluid in your 2024 GMC Canyon regularly, usually when you get your oil changed or every 15,000 miles.

Can I use aftermarket additives in my 2024 GMC Canyon’s engine oil?

Adding aftermarket additives to your 2024 GMC Canyon’s engine oil is not a good idea because they might not work with the way the engine is built and could hurt it.

What is the recommended tyre pressure for the 2024 GMC Canyon?

The tire sticker on the driver’s side door jamb of the 2024 GMC Canyon will tell you what pressure should be in the tires.

How often should I check the brake fluid in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

 You should check your 2024 GMC Canyon’s brake fluid level often, like every time you change the oil or every 15,000 miles.

Can I mix different brands of engine oil in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

Generally, it’s not a good idea to mix different brands of engine oil, but for simple top-offs.

What is the towing capacity of the 2024 GMC Canyon?

– The 2024 GMC Canyon can pull different amounts of weight based on the engine and how it is set up.

Can I use aftermarket brake fluid in my 2024 GMC Canyon?

It should be fine to use extra brake fluid as long as it meets those requirements.

What type of power steering fluid does the 2024 GMC Canyon use?

The manufacturer will usually list the type of power steering fluid that the 2024 GMC Canyon should use.

View Full PDF: 2024 GMC Canyon Owner’s Manual| Auto User Guide

2023 – 2024 GMC CANYON Review, Price, Features and Mileage (Brochure)

2024 GMC Canyon Wiper and Washer Guide

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